Long-Horned Bees – Melissodes
Long horned bees are named for the extra long antennae found on the males; females have short antennae in comparison. These bees are represented in North America by 120 species.
The female carries pollen on the long hairs of her hind legs called scopa. She will carry this pollen back to her underground nest to make into “bee bread” that is used to provision growing larvae.
This solitary bee is a specialist commonly found on sunflowers. The males can often be seen in the day looking for females, and at night cluster together to sleep.